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A brief history of Rap and Hip Hop Music

Top Hip Hop Songs

The origin of hip-hop may be traced back as far as the original tribes in Africa. Rap continues to be in contrast to the chants, drumbeats and foot-stomping African tribes performed before wars, the births of babies, and the deaths of kings and elders. Historians are near further back as opposed to accepted origins of hip-hop. It turned out born as you may know it today inside the Bronx, cradled and nurtured through the youth in the low-income regions of New York City.

Fast-forward from the tribes of Africa towards the ghettos of Kingston, Jamaica from the late sixties. The impoverished of Kingston gathered together in groups to create DJ conglomerates. They spun roots and culture records and communicated with all the audience in the music. Back then, the DJ's comments weren't as critical as the quality of the audio system and its ability to obtain the crowd moving. Kool Herc grew up in this community before he gone after the Bronx.

Throughout the late sixties, reggae wasn't popular with New Yorkers. Being a DJ, Kool Herc spun rhythm and blues records to please his party crowd. But, he previously to add his personal touch. Throughout the breaks, Herc begun to speak to his audience as they had learned to accomplish in Jamaica. He called out, the target audience responded, and after that he pumped the volume backup around the record. This call and response technique was not new to the community who'd been reared in Baptist and Methodist churches where call and response was a technique used by the speakers to get the congregation involved. Historians compare it towards the call and response performed by Jazz musicians and it was very much an element of the culture of Jazz music during the renaissance in Harlem.

Herc's DJ style caught on. His party's grew in popularity. He soon began to get multiple copies of the albums. When he performed his duties as a DJ, he extended the breaks through the use of multiple copies of the same records. He chatted, as it is called dance hall, along with his audience for longer and longer periods.

Others copied Herc's style. Soon an agreeable battle ensued between The big apple DJs. Each of them learned the strategy of employing break beats. Herc stepped up the action giving shout-outs to folks who have been in presence at the parties and coming up with his signature call and response. Other DJs responded by rhyming using their words when they spoke for the audience. A lot more DJs used two and four line rhymes and anecdotes to have their audiences involved and hyped at these parties.

One day, Herc passed the microphone onto a couple of his friends. He looked after the turn table and allowed his buddies to help keep the bunch hyped with chants, rhymes and anecdotes while he extended the breaks of different songs indefinitely. This is the birth of rap we all know it.

Hip-hop changed through the times of the basement showdowns to big business in the music industry. From the seventies and eighties, the pioneers and innovators in the rap record was the DJ. He was the man who used his turntable to produce fresh sounds with old records. Then, he took over as the guy who mixed these familiar breaks with synthesizers to make fresh beats. Not very much has changed in this part of hip-hop. The person who produces the beat remains to be the heart from the track. Now, we phone him the producer. Although some people might DJs are producers in addition to DJs (many start out as DJs before they become producers), today's title "DJ" doesn't carry exactly the same connotative meaning it did within the eighties. Today's hip-hop producer performs the same tasks since the eighty's DJ.